Mikhneva Svetlana Georgievna, Doctor of economic sciences, professor, sub-department of economics and international relations, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), email@example.com
Markeeva Galina Aleksandrovna, Applicant, sub-department of economics and international relations, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), firstname.lastname@example.org
Background. The article analyzes a degree of development of a modern technology of formation of international inter-company cooperation and innovative business models such as outsourcing and its main forms: information technology outsourcing, business process outsourcing (BPO), knowledge outsourcing (KPO).
Materials and methods. The article uses the methods of analysis, synthesis, unity of historical and logical, economic and mathematical modeling in the form of analytical tables, charts, graphs. The data of international research and consulting companies, the International Association of Outsourcing Professionals (IAOR), the Gartner rating agency, as well as scientific works of foreign and domestic analysts, experts and scientists were used as the basis for the analytical research.
Results. Based on the study and analysis of information materials the authors proved that outsourcing as a special form of international division of labor and inter-company cooperation generates new models of business development, allowing to create value chains by using the resources, belonging to the outside, primarily foreign, organizations. This class of business models includes modern innovation centers, multinational corporations, integrated business groups that make up the industrial base of the developed countries. Large-scale development of outsourcing technology has led to emergence of countries-consumers of outsourcing services and countries that provide outsourcing services). The study determines the position of the outsourced and outsourcing countries by the volume of outsourcing services and by such forms as IT-technology outsourcing, BPO, KPO, identifies the most popular and promising types of services in each form, defines the dynamics and prospects of their development.
Conclusions. By this time in the world practice of the developed countries there has been formed a new form of international division of labor and inter-company cooperation – outsourcing, which covers all areas of modern business organizations allows to implement non-core processes (competencies) by attracting external, also international executors performing the best techniques and methods and solving specific problems for a company. The fact tha companies have a long-term strategy of outsourcing is now becoming a prerequisite for successful development of competitive business and its adaptation to rapidly changing market conditions. For the developing countries simultaneously with qualified professionals capable of completing regular basis profitable and well-paid orders with high quality and at a lower cost, outsourcing opens up new opportunities to participate in the international division of labor, changes the vector of development, transforming them into the world's centers of outsourcing services.
outsourcing, outsource, outsourcer, outsourcing technology, information technology outsourcing, business process outsourcing, knowledge outsourcing.
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